Decoding the letter Z

From Teflpedia

z

zoo /zuː/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The letter Z, lowercase z (pronounced /zed/BrE or /ziː/AmE) very reliably represents the sound /z/. For examples see IPA phoneme /z/.

Exceptionally "z" can have other sounds.

  • azure /ˈæʒər/ - Czech /tʃek/ - Nazi /ˈnɑːtsiː/

Z in combinations[edit]

"tz"[edit]

As /ts/: Antz (movie), chutzpah /ˈhʊtspə/, pretzel /ˈpretsəl/, Pulitzer /ˈpʊlɪtsər/, quartz /kwɔːrts/, Switzerland /ˈswɪtsərlənd/, waltz /wɔːlts, wɔːls/

"zh"[edit]

In words form non-Latin alphabets sometimes the sound /ʒ/ is spelled "zh", as in Dr. Zhivago /ʒɪˈvɑːgəʊ/. See IPA phoneme /ʒ/.

"zz"[edit]

In Italian loan words "zz" sounds /ts/.

  • mozzarella /ˌmɒtsəˈrelə/, paparazzo /ˌpæpəˈrætsəʊ/, paparazzi /ˌpæpəˈrætsiː/, pizza /ˈpiːtsə/

See also[edit]