Decoding the letter W

From Teflpedia

w

work /wɜːrk/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The letter W, lowercase w (pronounced /ˈdʌbəljuː/) normally represents IPA phoneme /w/. For examples see IPA phoneme /w/.

Exceptions[edit]

  • Silent "w" (see also W in combinations, below)
answer - sword - toward /tɔːrd,AmE təˈwɔːrdBrE/ - towards /tɔːrdz,AmE təˈwɔːrdzBrE/
  • Rwanda /ruːˈɑːndə, ruːˈændə/

W in combinations[edit]

  • "aw" normally sounds /ɔː/
awful - draw - law - raw - saw
Exceptions (as "a" + "w"): away - aware - award - Delaware - Hawaii
  • As /uː/: blew - brew - chew - crew - drew - jewel - screw - threw
  • As /juː/ or /uː/: knew - new - stew
  • As /juː/: few
  • /əʊ/: know - row - window
  • /aʊ/: brown - down - towel
  • /ɒ/: knowledge
  • "wr" sounds like "r"
wrap - wrapper - wrist - write - wrong
  • "wh" in contemporary English in most dialects is identical to "w".
what - wheel - when - where - while - whisper - white - whopper - why
Exceptions as /h/: who - whole - whose

Homophones[edit]

  • wheel - we'll; wrap - rap; wright - right - rite;
  • aloud - allowed; flour - flower; threw - through

See also[edit]