Decoding the letter T

From Teflpedia

nature
/ˈneɪtʃər/

ʃ

notion
/ˈnəʊʃən/

t

notice
/ˈnəʊtɪs/


The letter T, lower case t (pronounced /tiː/) normally represents IPA phoneme /t/. For examples see IPA phoneme /t/.

Silent T[edit]

  • Exceptionally "t" can be silent.
  • castle, Christmas, fasten, listen, mustn't, mortgage, often, whistle
  • In many words of French origin final "t" is silent
  • ballet, buffet, cabaret, gourmet, valet, tarot
  • fillet, filetAmE /ˈfɪlɪt,BrE fɪˈleɪAmE/, Chick-fil-A /tʃɪk fɪˈleɪ/
  • "tth" as /θ/: Matthew (the spelling "Mathew" also exists)[1]
  • Variant pronunciations
  • postpone /pəʊstˈpəʊn, pəʊsˈpəʊn, pəsˈpəʊnBrE/

T in combinations[edit]

  • "tch" as /tʃ/: catch, kitchen, match, pitch, stretch, switch, watch
  • "te" as /tʃ/: righteous /ˈraɪtʃəs/
  • "th": see Decoding exercises: "th"
  • "ti" followed by a vowel
  • in many cases it sounds /ʃ/
  • as "tio": action - condition - definition - education - function - generation - information - location - mention - nation - option - question - rational - station - tradition - variation
  • as "tia": essential - initial - initiative - partial - potential - substantial
  • as "tie": patience - patient - quotient
  • "ti" as /tʃ/: Christian - combustion - congestion - digestion - question - suggestion
  • "ti" as /ʒ/: equation
  • of course there is "ti" as /tɪ/ or /tiː/: activities - cities - parties - tiara
  • "tie" as /tɪə/: frontier
  • "tu"
  • "tu" as /tʃuː/: actual - situation
  • "tu" as /tʃə/: century - cultural - eventually - natural
  • "tu" as /dʒuː/ or /dʒə/: congratulate /kənˈgrætʃəleɪt/ or sometimes /kənˈgrædʒəleɪt/AmE
  • "tu" as /tjuː/ or /tuː/AmE (exception to the exception): constitution - costume - gratitude - gratuitous - institution - intuition - magnitude - multitude - Neptune - obtuse
  • "ture"
  • as /tʃər/: adventure - capture - culture - feature - future - nature - furniture - future - literature - manufacture - picture - structure - temperature
  • as /tʃʊər/: mature
  • "tz" as /ts/
pretzel, Pulitzer, quartz, Switzerland, waltz /wɔːls, wɔːlts/

References[edit]

  1. Wikipedia, Mathew.