Decoding the letter P

From Teflpedia

p

pig /pɪg/

The letter P, lowercase p (pronounced /piː/) very reliably represents IPA phoneme /p/. For examples see IPA phoneme /p/.

"ph"[edit]

f

phone /fəʊn/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/
  • normally as /f/: atmosphere - Christopher - emphasis - Joseph - paragraph - phase - phenomenon - Philippines - philosophy - phone - photograph - phrase - physical - Stephanie - telephone
  • as /v/: nephew /ˈnefjuː, ˈnevjuː/, Stephen
  • as /ph/ in compound words: loophole, uphill
  • silent "h": shepherd /ˈʃepərd/

Silent "p"[edit]

Exceptionally "p" can be silent.

  • cupboard, pneumonia, psychology, pterodactyl, raspberry, receipt

Homophones[edit]

  • Stephen - Steven
  • shepherd - Sheppard - Shepard