Decoding the letter K

From Teflpedia

k

kiss /kɪs/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The letter K, lowercase k (pronounced /keɪ/) normally represents IPA phoneme /k/.

  • Normally "k" is used before "e" or "i", after "n" or as the last sound of the syllable
as the last sound of the syllable: bake - book - break - breakfast - dark - like - look - make - oak - shake - shark - sink - take - think - walk - week - weekly - work
after "n": ankle - wrinkle
before "e" or "i": donkey - keep - kill - kind - kiss - kitchen - market - skin - speaker - market - worker
  • Exceptionally "k" is used before "a", "o", "u", "l" or "r" in the same syllable:
chakra /ˈtʃʌkrə/ - haiku - kangaroo - Kansas - karate - karma - klaxon (also claxon) - koala - Korea - okay - Oklahoma - remarkable
  • "ck" sounds /k/: attack - black - check - chicken - lock - luck - rock - sock - shock - sick - stick - thick - ticket
  • exceptionally "kk" is used: trekking
  • In transliterations "kh" represents IPA phonetic symbol [x], which is normally pronounced as /k/. Khrushchev is [xrʊˈɕːɵf] in Russian and /ˈkrʊʃtʃev/ in English.
  • Exceptionally "k" can be silent.
knee - knife - knock - know - knowledge /ˈnɒlɪdʒ/ - unknown /ʌnˈnəʊn/
  • Homophones
kernel - colonel; knew - new; know - no