Decoding the letter H

From Teflpedia


house /haʊs/

IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see

The letter H, lowercase h (pronounced /eɪtʃ/) normally represents IPA phoneme /h/. For examples see IPA phoneme /h/.

At the end of the word "h" is silent:

  • cheetah - Deborah - pharaoh - Sarah - Utah

In other positions exceptionally "h" can be silent.

  • annihilation /əˌnaɪəˈleɪʃən/ - Birmingham - chihuahua /tʃɪˈwɑːwɑ,AmE tʃɪˈwɑːwəBrE/ - dachshund /ˈdæksənd/BrE - exhaust - exhibition - honest - honorAmE - honourBrE - hour - Nottingham - prohibition - shepherd - vehement - vehicle


hour - our

H in combinations[edit]

  • arrhythmia - catarrh - diarrheaAmE - diarrhoeaBrE - rhinoceros - rhyme - rhythm
  • sounded "h": waterhole
"sh" as /sh/: see Decoding exercises: "sh"