Decoding exercises: "ui"

From Teflpedia


build /bɪld/

fruit /fruːt/

Together with the article on decoding difficulties, this page sets out some common (or not...) words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of how they can sound out more correctly the different sounds corresponding to words containing "ui", basically /uː/ with many exceptions.


IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
price mouth choice
  • /uː/: bruise - cruise - fruit - juice - recruit - suit - suitable
  • "u" as /w/
/wɪ/: acquisition - anguish - distinguish - equipment - equivalent - liquid - penguin - quick - quit - quiz
/wiː/: suite
/waɪ/: quiet - quite
  • silent "u"
/ɪ/: biscuit (cf. Limp Bizkit) - build - built - circuit - guilt - Guinea - guitar
/aɪ/: guide
/iː/: mosquito - quiche - quinoa /ˈkiːnwɑː/

Different syllables[edit]

  • /uːɪ/: altruism - fluid - ruin - suicide - suing
  • /juːɪ/: arguing - genuine


  • "u" as /w/
/waɪə/: acquire - enquire - require
/wɜː/: squirt
squirrel: /ˈskwɪrəl/BrE, /ˈskwɜːrəl/AmE
  • Silent "u":
/ɪ/: daiquiri


  • build - billed; cruise - crews; suite - sweet;

Spanish L1[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]