Decoding exercises: "ir"

From Teflpedia

aɪə

fire /faɪər/

ɜː

girl /gɜːrl/

The letter combination "ir" has several different pronunciations, mainly /ɜːr/ and /aɪər/ when stressed. This article sets out some words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of the differences.

For "irr" see Decoding exercises: "irr".

Stressed[edit]

  • /ɜːr/: bird - birth - circumstance - circle - confirm - firm - first - girl - Shirley - shirt - sir - Virginia
  • /aɪr/: environment - virus
  • /aɪər/: Ireland - iron
  • with magic e: acquire - desire - entire - fire - hire - require - retire
  • /ɪr/: Iraq - spirit

Unstressed[edit]

  • /ər/: confirmation - expiration - giraffe - inspiration - perspiration - respiration - Virginia
  • /ɪr/: miraculous - mirage

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • Iran /ɪˈræn, ɪˈrɑn, aɪˈræn/

See also[edit]