Decoding exercises: "gh"

From Teflpedia

f

rough /rʌf/

g

ghost /gəʊst/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice

The letter combination "gh" has several different pronunciations. This article sets out some common words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of the differences.

As silent letters[edit]

  • with /eɪ/: eight - freight - neighborAmE - neighbourBrE - straight - weigh - weight;
  • with /aɪ/: bright - delight - fight - flight - fright - height - high - light - might - night - right - sigh - sight - slight - tight;
  • with /uː/: through - throughout;
  • with /ɔː/: bought - caught - daughter - fought - nought - ought - sought - taught - thought;
  • with /əʊ/: although - dough - though;
  • with /aʊ/: drought;
  • Edinburgh /ˈedɪnbrə,BrE ˈedɪnˌbɜːrəAmE/

Finishing in /f/[edit]

As /g/[edit]

  • Ghana - ghastly - ghetto - ghost - ghoul - Pittsburgh - spaghetti - yoghurt (more often "yogurt")

Simplifications[edit]

flow of cool air: draughtBrE - draftAmE
rough version: draft
  • /ˈhɪkʌp/: hiccough - preferred spelling is "hiccup"
  • /plaʊ/: plowAmE - ploughBrE
Informal spellings in American English
  • /ðəʊ/: though (formal) - tho' (informal) - tho (informal)
  • /θruː/: through (formal) - thru (informal)

Compound words[edit]

  • /gh/: doghouse - foghorn - jughead
  • /ŋh/: longhorn

Homophones[edit]

See main article Homophone.

  • right - write;
  • weigh - way; weight - wait;
  • high - hi; sight - site;
  • BrE: caught - court; fought - fort; sought - sort;
  • AmE: eight - ate;
  • rough - ruff

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]