Decoding exercises: "erV" and "errV"

From Teflpedia
IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The sequence /erV/, where V is any vowel, can be spelled "er" (as in very) or "err" (as in merry).

The following table shows the sounds of "erV" and "errV" in a stressed syllable. Unstressed sounds (/ə/ and /ɪ/) are shown in the examples.

"er" "err"
/er/ very merry
/ɜːr/ were preferred
/ɪər/ material N/A

Common words[edit]

"er"
  • "e" as /e/: American, experiment, very
  • "e" as /ɪə/: atmosphere, criterion (pl. criteria), era, experience, hero, material, merely, period, series, serious, severe
  • "e" as /ɪ/: derive
  • "e" as /ə/: characteristic, consideration, dangerous, delivery, generate, generation, interaction, operate, operation, overall
  • varisyllabic words, "e" as /ə/ or silent: average, camera, considerable, different, federal, general, interest, liberal, literature, reference, several, temperature
  • Silent "e": every
"err"
  • As /e/: error, terrible, terrorist

Less common words[edit]

"er"
  • "e" as /e/: austerity, ceremony, cherish, clerical, derelict, derivation, dexterity, herald, heresy, heritage, heroism, heron, hysterical, imperative, inherit, merit, numeric, peril, perilous, perish, posterity, prosperity, severity, sheriff, sincerity, sterile, therapy, verify, verification
  • "e" as /ɪ/: derogatory, eradicate, erect, erosion, erotic, eruption
  • "e" as /ɪə/: bacteria, cereal, coherence, periodic, sphere
  • "e" as /ə/: acceleration, adulterate, illiterate
  • "e" as /iː/: rerun
"err"
  • "e" as /e/: berry, cherry, errand, ferret, ferry, herring, interrogate, merry, sherry
  • "e" as /ɜː/: deferred, deferring, deterred, deterring, inferred, inferring, referral, referred, referring, transferred, transferring
  • "e" as /ɪ/: erratic, erroneous
  • "e" as /ə/: aberration, extraterrestrial, interrupt, interruption, interrogative, subterranean, terrific

Proper nouns[edit]

"er"
  • "e" as /e/: Derek, Eric, Gerald
  • "e" as /ɪə/: Algeria, Nigeria
  • "e" as /ə/: Cameroon, Peru, Theresa
  • "e" as /ə/ or silent: Catherine
"err"
  • "e" as /e/: Jerry, Kerry

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • "e" as /e,AmE BrE ɪəAmE/: spherical, stereo
  • "e" as /e,BrE ɜːAmE/: deterrent

Table "er" and "err"[edit]

"er" "err"
/er/ American, austerity, ceremony, cherish, clerical, derelict, derivation, dexterity, experiment, herald, heresy, heritage, heroism, heron, hysterical, imperative, inherit, merit, numeric, peril, perilous, perish, posterity, prosperity, severity, sheriff, sincerity, spherical, stereo, sterile, therapy, verify, verification, very berry, cherry, deterrent,BrE errand, error, ferret, ferry, herring, interrogate, merry, sherry, terrible, terror, terrorist, territory
/ɪr/ derive, erupt erratic, erroneous
/ɜːr/ were "err" only sounds /ɜːr/ in derived forms: referral, referring
deterrentAmE
/ɪər/ atmosphere, criteria, criterion, experience, hero, material, period, series, serious, severe N/A
/er,AmE BrE ɪərAmE/ spherical, stereo N/A

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]