Ch

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(Redirected from Decoding exercises: "ch")

ʃ

chef /ʃef/

k

choir /ˈkwaɪər/

chair /tʃeər/

Ch is an English consonant digraph consisting of the letters C and H. The default pronunciation is the unvoiced palato-alveolar affricate /ʧ/, commonly known as a ch sound, though it can also be an Unvoiced velar stop /k/ or a Unvoiced palato-alveolar sibilant /ʃ/.

As /tʃ/[edit | edit source]

This is the default pronunciation.

  • as "ch": approach - beach - chair - challenge - change - charity - cheap - check - chief - child - choice - choose - church - each - launch - lunch - much - purchase - reach - research - rich - search - speech - teacher - touch - which

This also forms part of the trigraph tch.

As /k/[edit | edit source]

These are mostly Greek loanwords where the Greek letter chi is transliterated as ch:

  • anchor - architecture - archive - chaos - character - charisma - chemical - chemistry - choir - Christian - Christopher - chrome - echo - headache - mechanism - Michael - orchestra - psychology - stomach - technique - technology

NB: for the trigraph sch see sch.

As /ʃ/[edit | edit source]

Ch is pronounced like an unvoiced palato-alveolar sibilant /ʃ/ in many French loanwords derived from French.

  • brochure - champagne - chauffeur - chef - Chicago - machine - Michelle - Michigan - moustacheBrE - mustacheAmE - parachute

Homophones: cache - cash

Silent "ch"[edit | edit source]

  • silent "ch": yacht /jɒt/


As /dʒ/[edit | edit source]

  • sandwich: /ˈsænwɪtʃ, ˈsænwɪdʒBrE/
  • spinach: /ˈspɪnɪtʃ, ˈspɪnɪdʒBrE/
  • Greenwich /ˈgrɪnɪdʒ, ˈgrɪnɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪdʒ/
  • Norwich /ˈnɒrɪdʒ, ˈnɒrɪtʃ/

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1[edit | edit source]

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following section aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish[edit | edit source]

Many Spanish speakers will pronounce "ch" just like in Spanish, i.e. /tʃ/. This is particularly true of /ʃ/ (as in champagne) because this sound does not exist in Spanish.

References[edit | edit source]