Ch is an English consonant digraph consisting of the letters C and H. The default pronunciation is the unvoiced palato-alveolar affricate /ʧ/, commonly known as a ch sound, though it can also be an Unvoiced velar stop /k/ or a Unvoiced palato-alveolar sibilant /ʃ/.
As /tʃ/[edit | edit source]
This is the default pronunciation.
- as "ch": approach - beach - chair - challenge - change - charity - cheap - check - chief - child - choice - choose - church - each - launch - lunch - much - purchase - reach - research - rich - search - speech - teacher - touch - which
This also forms part of the trigraph tch.
As /k/[edit | edit source]
- anchor - architecture - archive - chaos - character - charisma - chemical - chemistry - choir - Christian - Christopher - chrome - echo - headache - mechanism - Michael - orchestra - psychology - stomach - technique - technology
As /ʃ/[edit | edit source]
- brochure - champagne - chauffeur - chef - Chicago - machine - Michelle - Michigan - moustacheBrE - mustacheAmE - parachute
Homophones: cache - cash
Silent "ch"[edit | edit source]
- silent "ch": yacht /jɒt/
As /dʒ/[edit | edit source]
- sandwich: /ˈsænwɪtʃ, ˈsænwɪdʒBrE/
- spinach: /ˈspɪnɪtʃ, ˈspɪnɪdʒBrE/
- Greenwich /ˈgrɪnɪdʒ, ˈgrɪnɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪtʃ, ˈgrenɪdʒ/
- Norwich /ˈnɒrɪdʒ, ˈnɒrɪtʃ/
Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1[edit | edit source]
Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following section aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.
Spanish[edit | edit source]
Many Spanish speakers will pronounce "ch" just like in Spanish, i.e. /tʃ/. This is particularly true of /ʃ/ (as in champagne) because this sound does not exist in Spanish.