Decoding exercises: "arV" and "arrV"

From Teflpedia
IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The sequence /ærV/, where V is any vowel, can be spelled "ar" (as in charity) or "arr" (as in carry).

The sequence /ɑːrV/ is very uncommon. It can be spelled "ar" in foreign words (as in sari or safari) or "arr" in derived words (as in starry, derived from star, or barring, derived from the verb bar).

The following table shows the most common sounds of "arV" and "arrV". Exceptions (such as /ə/) are shown in the examples.

"ar" "arr"
/ær/ charity carry
/ɑːr/ sari starry
/eər/ hilarious N/A

Common words[edit]

"ar"
  • As /æ/: apparently, character, characteristic, comparison, guarantee
  • As /eə/: area, parent, variable, variation, various
  • -ing forms: caring, comparing, declaring, preparing, sharing, staring
  • As /ə/: arise, around, salary, variety
  • Silent "a": separate
"arr"
  • As /æ/: barrier, carry, embarrass, marriage, marry, narrative, narrow
  • As /ə/: arrange, arrangement, arrest, arrival, arrive, narrate, narrator

Less common words[edit]

"ar"
  • As /æ/: characterize, parallel, paragraph, paranoid
  • As /ɑː/: guitarist, safari, sari
  • As /eə/: apparent, hilarious
  • As /ə/: preparation, summary
"arr"
  • As /æ/: arrogant, arrow, barrio,BrE carrot, parrot, sparrow
  • As /ɑː/: barring, barrio,AmE scarring, starring, starry
  • As /ɒ/BrE, /ɔː/AmE: quarrel, warrant, warrior
  • As /ə/: arrival, arrhythmia, diarrhea

Proper nouns[edit]

"ar"
  • As /æ/: Arizona, Carol, Carolina, Carolyn, Gary, Harold, Karen, Paraguay, Sharon
  • As /eə/: Bulgaria, Mary, Sarah
  • As /ə/: Hungary, Maria, Marie, Nicaragua
  • As /ə/ or silent "a": Barbara, Margaret
"arr"
  • As /æ/: Harry, Larry

Minimal pairs[edit]

  • /eə/ vs /æ/: Mary - marry;
  • /eə/ vs /ɑː/: sparing - sparring; staring - starring;

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • /ər/,BrE /er/:AmE adversary, library, necessary, primary, temporary
  • /r/ (silent a),BrE /er/:AmE military, ordinary, secretary

Table "ar" and "arr"[edit]

"ar" "arr"
/ær/ apparent, aristocracy, arithmetic (adj.), apparel, aromatic, asparagus, baritone, carat, caravan, character, characteristic, charity, comparison, guarantee, hilarity, parable, parachute, paradise, paradox, parody, parallel, paragraph, salary, separate, tiaraAmE barricade, barrier, barrio,BrE carry, embarrass, marriage, marry, narrative, narrow
/ɑːr/ safari, sari, scenario,BrE tiaraAmE BrE "arr" only sounds /ɑːr/ in loan words or derived forms: barrio,AmE starry, starring
/eər/ careful, hilarious, Mary, parent, rarely, Sarah, scenarioAmE, variable, variation, variety, various, vary N/A

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]