Decoding exercises: "ai"

From Teflpedia

air /eər/

wait /weɪt/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice

The sequence "ai" very reliably represents the diphthong /eɪ/. The sequence "air" very reliably represents the dipthong /eər/. Together with the article on decoding difficulties, this page sets out some common (or not...) words teachers can use to help their students become more aware of how they can sound out more correctly the different sounds corresponding to words containing "ai".

/eɪ/[edit]

  • Adelaide, afraid, aid, aim, available, brain, campaign, chain, claim, complain, contain, daily, detail, entertain, explain, fail, faith, gain, hail, Haiti, jail, mail, main, Maine, maintain, paid, pain, paint, rail, rain, raise, remain, retail, snail, Spain, stain, straight, train, trait, wait
  • Homophones: mail - male; main - Maine - mane; raise - rays; waist - waste; wait - weight;

/eə/[edit]

  • affair - air - chair - fair - hair - pair - repair - stair
  • Homophones: fair - fare; hair - hare; pair - pear; stair - stare

/ə/[edit]

  • bargain - captain - certain - curtain - fountain - mountain - villain

/ɪ/[edit]

  • porcelain

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • As /e/ or /eɪ/: again - against
  • portrait /ˈpɔːrtreɪt,BrE , ˈpɔːrtrət/

Spelling anomalies[edit]

  • As /e/: said
  • As /aɪ/: Azerbaijan /ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/ - Hawaii /həˈwaɪiː/ - Taiwan - Thailand

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]