Decoding and spelling exercises: "o" adjacent to "m", "n", "v" or "w"

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əʊ

over
/ˈəʊvər/

ʌ

cover
/ˈkʌvər/

ɒ

poverty
/ˈpɒvərtiː/

The letter O has three main pronunciations when it is adjacent to M, N, V or W, as in cover, as in poverty and as in over.

As /ɒ/[edit]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

See main article IPA phoneme /ɒ/.

  • O adjacent to "m": bomb, compact (adj., n.), economy, model, modern, promise, prompt
  • O adjacent to "m" and "n": economic
  • O adjacent to "m" and "v": vomit
  • O adjacent to "m" and "w": wombat
  • O adjacent to "n": beyond, bond, contact, contract (n.), on, response, technology, upon
  • O adjacent to "n" and "v": novel
  • O adjacent to "n" and "w": wonton
  • O adjacent to "v": involve, poverty, volcano, volume, volunteer

As /ɒ/BrE or /ɔː/AmE

  • along, gone, long

As /ʌ/[edit]

See main article IPA phoneme /ʌ/.

  • O adjacent to "m": accomplishBrE - Colombia - come - comfort - comfortable /ˈkʌmftəbəl, ˈkʌmfərtəbəl/ - company - compass - mother - some - stomach
  • O adjacent to "m" and "n": among - Monday - money - mongrel - monk - monkey - month
  • O adjacent to "n": another - confrontation - done - front - honey - London - none - nothing - one /wʌn/ - once /wʌns/ - onion /ˈʌnjən/ - son - sponge - ton - tongue - tonne
  • O adjacent to "n" and "w": won - wonder - wonderful
  • O adjacent to "v": above - Coventry /ˈkʌvəntriː, ˈkɒvəntriː/ - cover - covet - discover - dove (bird) - glove - government - love - lover - oven - shovel - slovenly


As /əʊ/[edit]

See main article IPA phoneme /əʊ/.

  • O adjacent to "m": emotion, mobile, moment, most, motivate, promote, promotion, smoke
  • O adjacent to "n": alone, bone, don't, no, noble, notable, notion, phone, stone, won't, zone
  • O adjacent to "v": dove (past tense of dive), vote
  • O adjacent to "w": awoke, wove, woven

As /uː/[edit]

  • tomb, move, movie, two, womb

As /ʊ/[edit]

  • wolf, woman

Spelling anomaly[edit]

  • As /ɪ/: women

"Cor"[edit]

In this section we will see words spelled with "Cor", where C is "m", "n", "v" or "w".

As /ɔː/[edit]

  • O adjacent to "m": more, morning
  • O adjacent to "n": ignore, normal, north
  • O adjacent to "v": divorce
  • O adjacent to "w": swore, sworn, wore, worn

As /ɒ,BrE ɑːAmE/[edit]

  • tomorrow

As /ɒ,BrE ɔːAmE/[edit]

  • minority, moral

As /ɜː/[edit]

  • word, work, worm, worse, worship, worst, worth

As /ʌ,BrE ɜːAmE/[edit]

  • worry

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • accomplish: /əˈkʌmplɪʃBrE, əˈkɒmplɪʃAmE/
  • Coventry /ˈkʌvəntriː, ˈkɒvəntriː/
  • from /frəm, frɒm, frʌmAmE/
  • hover: /ˈhɒvər,BrE ˈhʌvərAmE/
  • monetary: /ˈmɒnɪteriː,AmE ˈmʌnɪtriːBrE/

References[edit]


See also[edit]

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