From Teflpedia

Contextualisation, contextualization or context creation involves creating context for target language, particularly in a classroom.[1] It’s the first step in a standard activity process.

This can involve setting the situation, e.g. a time, place, making characters. It can also involve giving some co-text to help push them towards the target language.

The next step in the activity process is elicitation of the target language from the students. Good context creation therefore sets up elicitation, which is essential to keeping the class student-centred.

Language without context can be difficult for students to understand. A realistic context also demonstrates to the students a real life situation in which they either may encounter the target language or can use it themselves. This can help lower the students' affective filter.

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