Concession clause

From Teflpedia

A concession clause is an adverbial clause that expresses concession.

In English, these typically start with "while"/"whilst", "although" "though" and "even though". For example:

  • "Although learning a language is difficult, it is easier if you are motivated."

Note that "while"/"whilst" can be also used for time clauses.

Students may confuse these with concession noun phrase adverbials consisting of:

  • "Despite + noun phrase"
  • "In spite of + noun phrase"

The noun phrases here may be gerunds, but note that these are not clauses.