From Teflpedia

A cloze (/kləʊz/), sometimes referred to as a cloze test, is an exercise consisting of a portion of text with certain words removed. When preparing the exercise, teachers may choose to delete words from the text either mechanically (every nth word) or selectively, for example, verbs or adjectives.

The word cloze derives from "closure" in Gestalt psychology from the early 1950s.

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