Affective filter hypothesis

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The affective filter hypothesis, is a hypothesis in second language acquisition theory that states that a language learner cannot learn if they have negative affect (e.g. embarrassment or self consciousness) because they have an affective filter that ignores the comprehensible input.

This hypothesis forms part of Stephen Krashen’s theory of second language acquisition,[1] but actually predating Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition - see Dulay and Burt, (1977)[2]

This hypothesis is generally held to have a high degree of explanatory power.

Teachers are encouraged to help students to overcome affective filters by motivating students, removing stress from environments, and by improving learners' self-esteem.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Schütz, Ricardo. "Stephen Krashen’s Theory of Second Language Acquisition." English Made in Brazil
  2. DULAY, H. and BURT, M. (1977) Remarks on creativity in language acquisition. In M. Burt, H. Dulay and M. Finnochiaro (Eds.) Viewpoints on English as a Second Language. New York: Regents. pp. 95-126.