Adverbial clause

From Teflpedia

An adverbial clause (/ædvɜ:bɪəl klɔ:z/) is a dependent clause which is used as an adverbial.

A clause must have a subject and a predicate. An adverbial syntactically modifies other expressions, including verbs, adjectives, other adverbials (including adverbs), and sentences.

A conditional clause is a type of adverbial clause.

There are lots of examples here[1]

Types[edit | edit source]

Adverbial clauses are divided into several groups according to the actions or senses of their conjunctions:

Type of clause Covering Common conjunctions Function Example
Time clause time Conjunctions answering the question "when?", such as: when, before, after, since, while, as, as long as, till, until, etc.;

or the paired (correlative) conjunctions: hardly…when, scarcely…when, barely…when, no sooner…than[2]

Say when something happens by referring to a period or point of time, or to another event. Her goldfish died when she was young.

He came after night had fallen.

We barely had gotten there when mighty Casey struck out.

conditional clause condition if, unless, lest, provided that Talk about a possible or counterfactual situation and its consequences. If they lose weight during an illness, they soon regain it afterwards.
purpose clause purpose in order to, so that, in order that, in case Indicate the purpose of an action. They had to take some of his land ’so that they could extend the churchyard'.
reason clause reason because, since, as, given Indicate the reason for something. I couldn’t feel anger against him because I liked him too much.
concession clause concession although, though, while Make two statements, one of which contrasts with the other or makes it seem surprising. I used to read a lot although I don’t get much time for books now.
Place clause place Answering the question "where?": where, wherever, anywhere, everywhere, etc. Talk about the location or position of something. He said he was happy where he was.
Comparison clause comparison as…as, than, as State comparison of a skill, size or amount, etc. Johan can speak English as fluently as his teacher.

She is a better cook than I.

Manner clause manner Answering the question, "how"?: as, like Talk about someone’s behavior or the way something is done. I was never allowed to do things as I wanted to do.

He spent a lot of money as if he was very rich.

Result clause results so…that, such…that Indicate the result(s) of an act or event. My suitcase had become ’so' damaged that the lid would not stay closed.
Consecutive clause consecutive so In these clauses the conclusion or logical continuation of what has been said in the main sentence is stated. Peter usually fantasizes a lot ’so you do not believe his stories'.

We did not make reservations on time, ’so we will not go to the representation'.

References[edit | edit source]