An activity is generally anything language learners are asked to do in the classroom.
Activity-Based Learning[edit | edit source]
Activity-based learning is the name for learning by doing. In practice, much of a teachers' lesson planning revolves around activity planning, and including activities that facilitate learning by doing.
Language Macroskills[edit | edit source]
The prevalence of lesson aims that are centered on learning Language macroskills has produced types of activities centered upon them. These types include speaking activities, writing activities, reading activities and listening activities.
Methodical Specifications[edit | edit source]
Some methodologies have additional guidelines for improving activity-based learning. The prevalence of those methodologies has produced types of activities centered upon them too. These types include TPR activities, Montessori activities and CLIL activities.
Accessibility[edit | edit source]
Classroom Management[edit | edit source]
In practice, activity planning includes using activities for classroom management too. It's not uncommon for teachers to have an activity scheduled at all times during a lesson. Keeping students busy may prevent them misbehaving. It's encouraged to keep students engaged in learning, to increase their attention and focus, to motivate them to practice higher-level critical thinking skills, and to promote meaningful learning experiences. Elicitation activities may be used to help with student engagement.
While lesson planning, lessons are sometimes split into lesson stages to help determine suitable activities for those intervals of lesson time. The beginning of a lesson is often reserved for warmer activities, whilst the end of the lesson is reserved for plenary activities. These types of activities generally help classroom management too.
Assessment Activities[edit | edit source]
Assessment of language proficiency is typically fulfilled through carefully constructed activities, such as exams and projects. Sometimes these are sourced from establishments such as IELTS, which have built up widely-adopted language proficiency levels. These establishments tend to design activities to meet industry requirements.