Common words include the nouns "nation", "ration", "action".
Form[edit | edit source]
- After -scribe-, the B changes to a P. e.g. subscribe -> subscription.
Pronunciation[edit | edit source]
English polysyllabic nouns are typically stressed on the antepenultimate syllable, but words ending -tion are pronounced with the stress on the penultimate syllable. Why? Historically, -tion would have been pronounced as two syllables, but in modern English these two syllables have been reduced to one. This results in the penultimate syllable being the stressed syllable in a noun ending -tion, i.e. the syllable stress falls on the syllable before -tion and -tion is therefore itself always an unstressed syllable. The following patterns may be identified:
|Syllable number||Stress pattern||Example(s)|
Words that don’t include this morpheme but are spelt -tion[edit | edit source]
Sometimes the spelling "tion" can be found in words that do not contain this morpheme, especially cation (/ˌkætˈaɪən/) not */ˈkeɪʃən/.