User:Ghoti/Advanced pronunciation exercises: /juː/ and /uː/

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This page shows the sounds /juː/, /uː/ and /jə/ when they are spelled "u", "ue", "ui", "ew", and "eu".

Normally the choice of /juː/ or /uː/ depends on the previous consonant. When a consonant has values in two or more columns, the outlier column is highlighted in yellow. Exceptions are highlighted in red.

/b, f, g, h, k, m, p, v/[edit]

Consonant Spelling /juː/ /uː/ /uː/ or /ə/ /jə/ /ə/
none u Uganda - ukelele - Ukraine - unicorn - uniform - union - unique - united - university - usually
eu eucalyptus - Eugene - eugenics - eulogy - euphoria
you you - youth
/b/ u+magic e attribute - contribute - distribute - globule - rebuke
u distribution ambulance
ue imbue
eau beautiful - beauty
/f/ u+magic e confuse - diffuse - fugue - refuse
u confusion - diffusion - fuel - future - infusion
eu feudal
ew curfew - few
/g/ u+magic e legume
u argument
ue argue
/h/ u+magic e huge
u human - humor
ue hue
/k/ u+magic e cube - cute - excuse - molecule
u accumulate - barracudaBrE - Cuba - elucubrate - occupy barracudaAmE - recuperate
ue queue - rescue
/m/ u+magic e amuse, commute, immune, mule, mute
u amusing, community, communicate, mucous, mucus, Munich, museum, music, mutation, Samuel, stimulate formula
/p/ u+magic e compute, dispute, puke
u computer, puberty, pubic popular
/v/ iew interview, review, view

Transpose[edit]

In this table excepting coloured cells, u sounds /juː/.

This table is very complete, and therefore it has uncommon words.

none /b/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /k/ /m/ /p/ /v/
u+magic e distribute - rebuke confuse - fugue - refuse legume huge cube - cute - excuse - ridicule amuse - commute - immune - mule - mute compute - dispute - puke ovule (of plants)
u Uganda, ukelele, Ukraine, unicorn, uniform, union, unique, united, university, usually distribution confusion, fuel, future, infusion argument human, humor accumulate, Cuba, elucubrate, occupy community, communicate, Munich, museum, music, mutation, Samuel, stimulate computer ovulate
/uː/ recuperate /jə/ formula
ue imbue argue hue queue - rescue revue
eu eucalyptus - euphoria feudal
eau beauty - beautiful
ew, iew curfew - few interview - review - view
you you - youth

/d, n, s, t, θ, z/[edit]

Stressed[edit]

Consonant Spelling /juː/ or /uː/
/d/ u+magic e dubious, dude, duke, dune, introduce, produce, reduce
u conducive, duplicate
ue due
ew dew
/n/ u+magic e nude, nuke
eu neutral, neutrality
ew knew, new, news
/s/ u+magic e assume, consume
u consumer
ue pursue
ui pursuit, suit, suitable
/t/ u+magic e tube, tune
u opportunity, protuberance, student, tuna
ue Tuesday
ew stew
/θ/ u enthusiasm
/z/ u+magic e presume, resume
u exuberant
eu Zeus

Unstressed[edit]

Consonant Spelling /juː/ /juː/ or /uː/ /uː/ /uː/ or /ə/ /jə/
/d/ u+magic e moduleBrE
u modularBrE
ue residue
/n/ u+magic e granule hypotenuse
u annual, genuine, manual, manufacture, menu
ue continue avenue, revenue
eu neutrality
/s/ u+magic e
u superstition Susan
ui pursuit, suit, suitable
/t/ u+magic e attitude, institute, pustule,BrE substitute
u tuition
/θ/ u
ew Matthew
/z/ u

Transpose[edit]

In this table excepting coloured cells, u sounds /juː/ in some accents and /uː/ in others.

/juː/ in a yellow cell means always /juː/, including yod-dropping accents.

Spelling /d/ /n/ /s/ /t/ /θ/ /z/
u+magic e dubious, dude, duke, dune, introduce, module,BrE produce, reduce hypotenuse, nude, nuke assume, consume attitude, institute, pustule,BrE substitute, tube, tune presume, resume
/juː/ granule
u conducive, duplicate /juː/ annual, manual, menu consumer, superstition opportunity, student, tuna enthusiasm exuberant
ue due, residue avenue, revenue pursue Tuesday /weɪ/ zarzuela
ui pursuit, suit, suitable
eu deuterium neutral pseudo- Zeus
/iːə/ museum
ew dew knew, new, news /əʊ/ sew, sewn stew /juː/ Matthew

/dʒ, l, r, ʃ, tʃ, ʒ/[edit]

See The yod /j/: Palatalise it or drop it!

Consonant Spelling /juː/ /juː/ or /uː/ /uː/ /uː/ or /ə/ /jə/
/dʒ/ u+magic e June - moduleAmE
u adjudicate - gradual - individual - Jupiter July - prejudice
ui juice
ew Jew - jewel
/l/ u+magic e cellulose - volume absolute - allude - collude - conclude - flute - include - plume
u conclusion - elucubrate - exclusion - illuminate - illusion - inclusion - Luke - lunar - lunatic - pollution - revolution - solution
ue value blue - clue - glue
ew flew
/r/ u+magic e intrude - prude - rude - rule
u brutal - frugal - imprudent - menstrual - truly - truth
ue accrue - true
ui bruise - cruise - recruit
ew brew - crew - grew - screw - shrew - shrewd - threw
/ʃ/ u+magic e chute - parachute
u sensual - sexual
ue issue - tissue
ew cashew
/tʃ/ u+magic e pustuleAmE
u actuate - conceptual - intellectual - situation - spiritual
ue statue
ew chew
/ʒ/ u casual - usual - visual

Transpose[edit]

In this table "u" and "ew" sound /uː/

Spelling /dʒ/ /l/ /r/ /ʃ/ /tʃ/ /ʒ/
u+magic e June - moduleAmE absolute - conclude - flute - include intrude - prude - rude - rule chute - parachute statute
u adjudicate - individual - Jupiter conclusion - elucubrate - exclusion - illuminate - inclusion - Luke - pollution - revolution brutal - frugal - imprudent - truly sensual actual - intellectual - situation visual
ue blue - clue - glue accrue - true issue - tissue statue
ui juice bruise - cruise - recruit
ew Jew - jewel flew brew - crew - grew - screw - shrew - shrewd - threw cashew chew

"u" + magic e[edit]

Consonant /juː/ /juː/ or /uː/ /uː/
/b/ distribute - rebuke
/f/ confuse - fugue - refuse
/g/ legume
/h/ huge
/k/ cube - cute - excuse
/m/ amuse - commute - immune - mule - mute
/p/ compute - dispute
/d/ dude - duke - dune - introduce - moduleBrE - produce - reduce
/n/ granule hypotenuse - nude - nuke
/s/ assume - consume
/t/ attitude - institute - substitute - tube - tune
/z/ presume - resume
/dʒ/ June - moduleAmE
/l/ volume absolute - conclude - flute - include
/r/ prude - rude - rule
/ʃ/ chute - parachute

See also[edit]