Typically the teacher will set up a situation and a problem and give the students different roles to play in the encounter. Under some circumstances the role-play will be designed to exploit grammar forms or vocabulary which have recently been taught.
The teacher will usually monitor the activity and later give feedback and advice.
Role-plays differ from simulations in that the latter allow students to respond as they themselves would do in real-life situations, rather than "play" out imaginary situations.
 Rationale for role-play
Role-play can be useful for a number of reasons.
- It provides a semi-structured environment for practising language.
- It gives students a reason to use the target language (L2).
- The fact that students are not "themselves" gives them an opportunity to overcome the affective filter.
 See also
- Category:Role-plays -- lists Teflpedia role-plays for teaching English
- Group dynamics