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Pronunciation may refer to:

  • The standard sound of a word when spoken.
Standard sounds are called phonemes. See also Category:Pronunciation.
  • The way that a particular individual pronounces a word. See Accent.
  • The action of speaking.
  • The way a particular written word is pronounced. This is very important for EFL students. See Decoding written words.

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • Different accents pronounce different phonemes differently.
British and American /əʊ/ sound differently. For example "goat" is [goʊt]AmE and [gəʊt].BrE Australian "goat" is [gəʉt].
In Received Pronunciation /r/ is omited at the end of the word or before a consonant. "Start" is [stɑːrt]AmE and [stɑːt].BrE See Rhotic and non-rhotic accent.
  • Different accents pronounce some words with different phonemes
"Laugh" is /læf/AmE and /lɑːf/BrE
"Hurry" and "furry" are /ˈhɜːriː/AmE and /ˈfɜːriː/AmE; /ˈhʌriː/BrE and /ˈfɜːriː/.BrE
  • Different dialects have pronunciation differences that don't obey a general rule
"Clerk" is /klɑːrk/BrE and /klɜːrk/.AmE See American English v. British English - Pronunciation - Specific.
  • Some variant pronunciations exist in one dialect and other dialects have only one pronunciation.
The word "perhaps" is pronounced /pərˈhæps/ both in British and American English. The variant /præps/ exists ony in British English.
The word "process" is pronounced /ˈprɒses/AmE and /ˈprəʊses/.BrE However in American English the variant /ˈprəʊses/ is also heard.
  • Some variant pronunciations exists across several dialects
applicable /əˈplɪkəbl, ˈæplɪkəbl/
different /ˈdɪfərənt, ˈdɪfrənt/. See Varisyllabic words.
direct /dəˈrekt, dɪˈrekt, daɪˈrekt/
economic /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk, ˌekəˈnɒmɪk/
either /ˈaɪðər, ˈiːðər/
envelope /ˈenvələʊp, ˈɒnvələʊp/
greasy /ˈɡriːsiː, ˈɡriːziː/