Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

From Teflpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary http://www.learnersdictionary.com/ is a monolingual learner's dictionary with IPA pronunciations for American English.

IPA pronunciation key[edit]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice

Merriam-Webster's pronunciation is in a narrow notation, even if it is between slashes // (normally broad notation uses slahes and narrow notation uses square brackets [ ]).

The table below is a complement to Guide to IPA Symbols. Some combinations not shown in the guide are /aj/, /aw/, /ij/, /oj/, /ow/, and /uw/.

Sample words Merriam-Webster's Teflpedia Comments
trap /æ/ /æ/
bath /æ/ Brit /ɑː/ /ɑː,BrE æAmE/
aunt /æ, ɑː/ /ɑː,BrE æAmE/
palm, father /ɑː/ /ɑː/
lot /ɑː/ /ɒ/
cloth /ɑː/ BrE, ɔːAmE/ Cot-caught merger
thought /ɑː/ /ɔː/ Cot-caught merger
start /ɑɚ/ /ɑːr/ Narrow notation: /ɑːr/ sounds [ɑɚ] at the end of the syllable or before a consonant
safari /ɑr/ /ɑːr/ Narrow notation: /ɑːr/ is a bit shorter if followed by a vowel
sorry /ɑr/ /ɒr/ Narrow notation: /ɑːr/ is a bit shorter if followed by a vowel
orange /ɑr, or/ /ɒr,BrE, ɔːrAmE/
dress /ɛ/ /e/
marry, carry /er/ /ær/ Mary-marry-merry merger
merry, cherry /er/ /er/
Mary, scary /er/ /eər/ Mary-marry-merry merger
aerobics /eɚ/ /eər/ Exception to the Mary-marry-merry merger
square /eɚ/ /eər/ Narrow notation: /er/ at the end of the syllable sounds [eɚ]
face /eɪ/ /eɪ/
player /ej/ /eɪ/ Narrow notation: /eɪ/ before an unstressed vowel sounds [ej]
payout /eɪ/ /eɪ/ Narrow notation: /eɪ/ before a stressed vowel (primary or secondary stress) sounds [eɪ]
kit /ɪ/ /ɪ/
fleece /iː/ /iː/
idea /iːj/ /iː/ Narrow notation: stressed /iː/ before a vowel sounds [iːj]
create /i/ /iː/ Narrow notation: unstressed /iː/ before a stressed vowel is shorter
happy /i/ /iː/ Narrow notation: unstressed /iː/ at the end of the word is shorter
mirror /i/ /ɪ/ Mirror-nearer merger
material /i/ /ɪə/ Mirror-nearer merger
near /iɚ/ /ɪər/
various, immediate /ij/ /iː/ Narrow notation: unstressed /iː/ before a vowel sounds [ij]
north, force /oɚ/ /ɔːr/ Narrow notation: /ɔː/ before /r/ sounds [o] in most American dialects. /ɔːr/ sounds [oɚ] at the end of the syllable or before a consonant.
glory /or/ /ɔːr/ Narrow notation: /ɔː/ before /r/ sounds [o] in most American dialects
drawer /ɑːɚ/ /ɔːr/ Possibly an error. A person who draws is a [ˈdrɑːɚ], but a box that slides should be [ˈdroɚ]. See http://www.dictionary.com/browse/drawer
moral, laurel /or/ /ɒrBrE, ɔːrAmE/ Narrow notation: /ɔː/ before /r/ sounds [o] in most American dialects
goat /oʊ/ /əʊ/
obey /oʊ/ /ə,BrE əʊAmE/
rower /ow/ /əʊ/ Narrow notation: /oʊ/ before a vowel sounds [ow].
foot /ʊ/ /ʊ/
goose /uː/ /uː/
influence /uːw/ /uː/ Narrow notation: /uː/ before a vowel sounds [uw]
individual /əw/ /ʊ/ Narrow notation: unstressed /uː/ before a vowel sounds [əw]
sanctuary /əˌwe/ Brit /uə/ /uːə,BrE uːˌeAmE/ Narrow notation: unstressed /uː/ before a stressed vowel is split between syllables
tour /uɚ/ /ʊər/
tourist /ur/ /ʊər/
cute /juː/ /juː/
new /uː/ Brit /juː/ /juː/
continuous /juw/ /juː/ Narrow notation: /uː/ before a vowel sounds [uw]
genuine /jəw/ /juː/ Narrow notation: unstressed /uː/ before a vowel sounds [əw]
curable /jur/ /jʊər/
strut /ʌ/ /ʌ/
nurse /ɚ/ /ɜːr/ (*)
sure /ɚ/ Brit /ɔː/ /ʊər, ɔːrBrE/ (*)
furry /ɚr/ /ɜːr/ (*)
hurry /ɚr/ /ʌr,BrE ɜːrAmE/ (*) Hurry-furry merger
insurance /ɚr/ /ʊər, ɔːrAmE/ (*)
cure /jɚ/ /jʊər/ (*)
mural /jɚr/ /jʊər/ (*)
comma /ə/ /ə/
letter /ɚ/ /ər/
numerous /ər/ /ər/
people /əl/ /əl/
dental /l̟/ /əl/ See IPA phonetic symbol [l̩]; the diacritic used here is not the one corresponding to syllabic consonant; it is a small plus sign below the consonant, and according to Wikipedia it means relative articulation.[1]
open /ən/ /ən/
lesson /n̩/ /ən/ See IPA phonetic symbol [n̩]
rhythm /əm/ /əm/
price, virus /aɪ/ /aɪ/
diet /aj/ /aɪ/ Narrow notation: /aɪ/ before a vowel sounds [aj]
fire /ajɚ/ /aɪər/ Narrow notation: /aɪ/ before a vowel sounds [aj]
wiring /ajɚr/ /aɪər/ Narrow notation: /aɪ/ before a vowel sounds [aj]
mouth, dowry /aʊ/ /aʊ/
towel /aw/ /aw/ Narrow notation: /aʊ/ before a vowel sounds [aw]
hour /awɚ/ /aʊər/ Narrow notation: /aʊ/ before a vowel sounds [aw]
flowering /awɚr/ /aʊər/ Narrow notation: /aʊ/ before a vowel sounds [aw]
choice /oɪ/ /ɔɪ/
employer /oj/ /ɔɪ/ Narrow notation: /ɔɪ/ before a vowel sounds [oj]
just, fudge /ʤ/ /dʒ/ IPA doesn't use ligatures anymore
witch, which /w/ /w/

(*) Merriam-Webster's uses the same symbol /ɚ/ for stressed /ɜːr/ and for unstressed /ər/.

Symbols not used in the dictionary[edit]

The following table shows symbols present in the Guide to IPA Symbols but not in the dictionary entries.

Sample words IPA Guide Dictionary Teflpedia Comments
cot, eat, boot : ː ː By mistake the guide uses colon instead of triangular colon
toe, attack /t/ /t/ Narrow notation
choose, achieve tʃʰ /tʃ/ /tʃ/ Narrow notation
later ɾ /t/ /t/ See IPA phonetic symbol [ɾ]
riddle ɾ /d/ /d/ See IPA phonetic symbol [ɾ]
cot, bomb ɒ British cot bomb /ɑː/ /ɒ/
caught, paw ɔ: British caught paw port /ɑː/ /ɔː/
port ɔ: British caught paw port /oɚ/ /ɔːr/
merge, bird ə: British merge bird /ɚ/ /ɜːr/
oat, own, zone, blow əʊ   British oat own zone blow /oʊ/ /əʊ/
near, deer ɪə British near, deer ɪər
bare, fair ɛə British bare, fair eər
boor, tour ʊə British boor, tour ʊər

References[edit]

  1. Wikipedia, small plus sign below