Given the high emotional aspect of learning a foreign language, especially as adults, finding out a student's particular learning style, together with the needs analysis, can greatly contribute to the progress he or she will make.
Alternatively, simply finding out what subjects motivate and interest the student may work just as well.
Based in some cases on Neurolinguistic programming's (VAK) models (Visual learners, Auditory learners and Kinesthetic, or tactile, learners), it is argued that while everyone obviously learns by using a combination of the senses, each person has a "dominant" style:
- Have a preference for texts and visual aids such as PowerPoint presentations, overhead slides, diagrams, handouts, etc.);
- Learn best through activities involving listening (lectures, discussions, tapes, songs, etc.);
- Prefer to learn through direct experience, that is moving around, touching, hands-on activities (experiments, etc.), role plays and simulations and in general being more active in their learning process.
Another interpretation of learning style is based on the idea of Multiple Intelligences. According to this idea people have various intelligences such as musical intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, spatial intelligence, interpersonal intelligence and so on. Under this view teaching may be directed at the learner's strongest intelligence.
- Linguistic competence
- Multiple Intelligences
- Principles of adult learning
- Teaching style
- Total Physical Response