IPA phonetic symbol 〚x〛

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x

Juan [xwan]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The IPA phonetic symbol [x][1] represents a voiceless velar fricative that does not occur in English, except for Scottish loch [lox], normally pronounced [lok] in Received Pronunciation or General American. It is also the "j" sound in Spanish, as in José, the "ch" sound in German Kuchen (cake) and the sound of the Cyrillic letter Х. The symbol [x] is the Latin version of the Cyrillic letter.

Loan words form other languages must replace the [x] sound by one found in English.

Arabic
  • Khartoum: /kɑːrˈtuːm/
German
  • Bach: /bɑːk/
  • Liechtenstein: /ˈlɪktənstaɪn/
  • Marlene Dietrich: /mɑːrˈleɪnə ˈdiːtrɪk/
  • München became Munich: /ˈmjuːnɪk/
  • Richter scale: /ˈrɪktər ˌskeɪl/
  • Rorschach test: /ˈrɔːrʃɑːk ˌtest/
Greek
  • TeX (a typesetting language) should be pronounced [tɛx] but the normal English pronunciation is [tɛk] (/tek/).
Hebrew
  • Hanukkah, Chanukah: /ˈhænʊkə/,BrE /ˈhɑːnəkə/ AmE
Russian
  • Khrushchev: /ˈkrʊʃtʃev/
Spanish
  • Argentina: /ˌɑːrdʒənˈtiːnə/
  • Don Quixote (current Spanish spelling Don Quijote): /ˌdɒn kiːˈhoʊtɪ/;
  • jalapeño: /ˌhæləˈpeɪnjəʊ/,BrE /ˌhɑːləˈpeɪnjəʊ/AmE
  • Juan: /wɑːn/
  • junta: /ˈdʒʌntə/,BrE /ˈhʊntə/AmE
  • Los Angeles: /lɒs ˈændʒələs/
  • Oaxaca: /wəˈhɑːkə/
  • San Jose (California): /ˌsæn hoʊˈzeɪ/
  • Wine from Xerez (currently Jerez) became "sherry".
Yiddish
  • chutzpa: /ˈhʊtspə/

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.