IPA phonetic symbol 〚n̩〛

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ən

even [ˈiːvən]

even [ˈiːvn̩]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The IPA phonetic symbol [n̩][1] (lowercase "n" with a small vertical line below) represents syllabic /n/, a syllable with no vowel (syllabic consonant), as in "even" [ˈiːvn̩], "present" [ˈprezn̩t] or "person" [ˈpɜːsn̩]. In a broad notation [n̩] is /ən/: /ˈiːvən, ˈprezənt, ˈpɜrsən/. Some dictionaries write a small schwa as in /ˈiːvən, ˈprezənt, ˈpɜrsən/. Others write no vowel, and the reader has to deduct that /n/ is in a syllable with no vowels: /ˈiːvn, ˈpreznt, ˈpɜrsn/.

Common words[edit]

  • certain - common - condition - even - happen - human - information - listen - often - open - person - position - question - reason - situation

[n̩] vs [ən][edit]

Below we can see the pronunciation of /ən/ depending on the previous consonant according to the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary (OALD),[2] Collins Dictionary for British English (CD-BE),[3] and Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary (MWLD) for American English.[4] Note that OALD uses [n] instead of [n̩] or [ən].

Consonant Example OALD CD-BE MWLD
/t/ kitten [ˈkɪtn] [ˈkɪtən] [ˈkɪtn̩]
/d/ burden [ˈbɜːdn, ˈbɜːrdn] [ˈbɜːdən] [ˈbɚdn̩]
/s/ loosen [ˈluːsn] [ˈluːsən] [ˈluːsn̩]
/z/ dozen [ˈdʌzn] [ˈdʌzən] [ˈdʌzn̩]
/f/ siphon [ˈsaɪfn] [ˈsaɪfən] [ˈsaɪfən]
/v/ driven [ˈdrɪvn] [ˈdrɪvən] [ˈdrɪvən]
/ʃ/ nation [ˈneɪʃn] [ˈneɪʃən] [ˈneɪʃən]
/ʒ/ vision [ˈvɪʒn] [ˈvɪʒən] [ˈvɪʒən]
/p/ happen [ˈhæpən] [ˈhæpən] [ˈhæpən]
/b/ urban [ˈɜːbən, ˈɜːrbən] [ˈɜːbən] [ˈɚbən]
/k/ bacon [ˈbeɪkən] [ˈbeɪkən] [ˈbeɪkən]
/g/ wagon [ˈwæɡən] [ˈwæɡən] [ˈwægən]
/θ/ lengthen [ˈleŋθən] [ˈlɛŋkθən, ˈlɛŋθən] [ˈlɛŋθən]
/tʃ question [ˈkwestʃən] [ˈkwɛstʃən] [ˈkwɛstʃən]
/dʒ/ hydrogen [ˈhaɪdrədʒən] [ˈhaɪdrɪdʒən] [ˈhaɪdrəʤən]
/m/ human [ˈhjuːmən] [ˈhjuːmən] [ˈhjuːmən]
/n/ cannon [ˈkænən] [ˈkænən] [ˈkænən]
/l/ pollen [ˈpɒlən, ˈpɑːlən] [ˈpɒlən] [ˈpɑːlən]
/r/ siren, apron [ˈsaɪrən], [ˈeɪprən] [ˈsaɪərən], [ˈeɪprən] [ˈsaɪrən], [ˈeɪprən]
/j/ civilian [səˈvɪliːən, səˈvɪlɪən] [sɪˈvɪljən] [səˈvɪljən]

Unicode and HTML[edit]

Unicode: U+0329 Combining vertical line below

HTML: n̩ n̩

Notes and references[edit]

  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.
  2. Oxford Learner's Dictionaries
  3. Collins English Dictionary
  4. Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

See also[edit]