IPA phonetic symbol 〚ɲ〛

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ɲ

piñata [piˈɲata]

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The IPA phonetic symbol [ ɲ][1] represents a palatal nasal that does not occur in English, but is very similar to /nj/. In Spanish it is "ñ", in Portuguese it is "nh", and in French and Italian it is "gn".

Borrowings form other languages normally replace the [ ɲ] sound by /nj/.[2]

  • from French
champagne: /ʃæmˈpeɪn/
cognac: /ˈkɒnjæk/BrE, ˈkəʊnjækAmE/
Cologne: /kəˈləʊn/
poignant /ˈpɔɪnjənt/
  • from Italian
gnocchi: /ˈnjɒkɪ/
lasagne,BrE lasagnaAmE: /ləˈzænjə/
  • from Quechua (via Spanish)
vicuña: /vɪˈkuːnjə/
  • from Spanish
El Niño current: /ˌel ˈniːnjəʊ/
jalapeño: /ˌhæləˈpeɪnjəʊBrE, ˌhɑːləˈpeɪnjəʊAmE/
piñata: /pɪnˈjɑːtə/
piña colada: /ˌpiːnə kəˈlɑːdə, ˌpiːnjə kəʊˈlɑːdə/
  • from Tupi (via Portuguese)
piranha: /pɪˈrɑːnəBrE, pɪˈrɑːnjəAmE/

Notes and references[edit]

  1. For technical reasons double brackets appear on the page title.
  2. John Wells's phonetic blog, ɲ, 31 May 2009.

See also[edit]