IPA phonetic sequence /juː/

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juː

cute /kjuːt/

IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

In English, both in Received Pronunciation and in General American, the IPA phonetic sequence /juː/ corresponds to the diphthong in words like "cute", "few", "university", or "music".

This sequence is not considered a phoneme because it can be studied as /j/+/uː/. However, since it is very common, this diphthong has the informal name "long U" or the less informal description of long sound of the letter U.

Common words[edit]

Some common words which practise the pronunciation of /juː/ include the following:

  • "y": you - youth
  • "u": accumulate - community - computer - Cuba - fuel - human - humour - Munich - museum - music - occupy - stimulate - Uganda - ukelele - Ukraine - unicorn - uniform - unique - united - university - usually
Exception: recuperate /rɪˈkuːpəreɪt/
  • "u"+magic e: amuse - commute - confuse - cube - cute - dispute - excuse - huge - mule - refuse - volume
  • "ue": argue - continue - hue - rescue - value
  • queue /kjuː/
  • "ew": few
  • "iew": interview - review - view

Yod dropping[edit]

The sound /j/ is also known as "yod". "Yod dropping" means pronouncing /juː/ as /uː/ as is common in many accents after particular consonants.

Yod is often dropped before /d, n, s, t, θ, z/
  • /djuː/ or /duː/: dude - due - dew - duke - dune - introduce - produce - reduce
  • /njuː/ or /nuː/: avenue - knew - new - news - nude - nuke - revenue
Exceptions
always /njuː/: manual - menu
  • /sjuː/ or /suː/: assume - consumer - pursue - suit - suitable
  • /tjuː/ or /tuː/: attitude - opportunity - stew - student - substitute - tube - Tuesday - tune
  • /θjuː/ or /θuː/: enthusiasm
Exception
always /θjuː/: Matthew
  • /zjuː/ or /zuː/: presume - resume
Yod is not dropped after /b, f, g, h, k, m, p, v/
  • /juː/: abuse - confuse - argue - human - cute - amuse - computer - view

Exception:

  • /uː/ recuperate
There is seldom yod after /dʒ, l, r, ʃ, tʃ, ʒ/
  • /uː/: June, blue, rule, sure, chew, casual

Exceptions:

  • /juː/: value, volume
  • /juː/ or /jə/: cellular, evaluate

/jə/[edit]

When "u" is unstressed it may sound /jə/ or (according to some dictionaries) /jʊ/. The following examples are all pronounced /jə/ according to Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary (OALD),[1] and some as /jʊ/ according to Cambridge Dictionaries Online (CDO).[2]

  • /jə/ (OALD) or /jʊ/ (CDO): accurate - ambulance - consecutive - formula
  • /jə/ (OALD, CDO): failure - popular - regular

References[edit]

  1. Oxford Learner's Dictionaries
  2. Cambridge Dictionaries Online , British English.

See also[edit]