IPA phoneme /tʃ/
church / t͡ʃɜːr t͡ʃ/
Strict IPA emphasises the fact that /tʃ/ is one phoneme: "teacher" is /ˈtiːt͡ʃər/ and "hotshot" is /ˈhɒtʃɒt/. The alternative is to use the syllable separator: /ˈtiː.tʃər/ and /ˈhɒt.ʃɒt/.
/tʃ/ is an affricate; its fricative counterpart is IPA phoneme /ʃ/.
- Initial pronunciation of /tʃ/
- As "ch": chair - challenge - champion - change - charge - chat - cheat - check - cheese - chess - child - China - choice - choose
- Final pronunciation of /tʃ/
- As "ch": each - much - reach - research - rich - such - teach - which
- As "tch": batch - catch - sketch - switch - watch
- Pronunciation of /tʃ/ in "mid"-position
- As "ch": achieve - Richard - teacher
- As "tch": butcher - kitchen
- As "tu": adventure - culture - feature - fortunate - furniture - future - picture - natural - situation
- As "ti": suggestion - question
- Initial and final
- As "tch": ditch - hitch - itch - pitch - slitch - switch - twitch - unhitch
- righteous /ˈraɪtʃəs/
- wretched /ˈretʃɪd/
- Spelling anomaly
- Czech /tʃek/
- check - cheque - Czech; which - witch
/t/ and /ʃ/ can be two separate phonemes. For example, the pronunciation of "nutshell" is /ˈnʌt.ʃel/ and "nature" is pronounced /ˈneɪ.t͡ʃər/.
Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1
Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following sections aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.
In Spanish the letters "ll" and "y" sound similar to /dʒ/, /ʒ/ or /j/. The sound of these letters is never in final position. For this reason many students will "hear" /tʃ/ in words like orange or judge.
- See the lyrics of Munchkinland in The Wizard of Oz. Wendy's Wizard of Oz, Munchkinland.
- Decoding the letter T
- Decoding exercises: "ch"
- Pronunciation exercises: /dʒ/ vs /tʃ/
- Pronunciation exercises: /ʃ/ vs /tʃ/