IPA phoneme /k/

From Teflpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

k

call /kɔːl/

In English, both in Received Pronunciation and in General American, the IPA phonetic symbol /k/ corresponds to the initial consonant sound in words like "kiss", "cold" and "question" and the final one in "book" and "black". Just to keep students on their toes, there are also a few words where it corresponds to "ch".

/k/ is an unvoiced consonant; its voiced counterpart is IPA phoneme /g/.

Common words[edit]

Some common words which practice the pronunciation of /k/ include the following:

  • with "c"
at the beginning of the word: call - clock - coat - come - cross - cut
in the middle of the word: economy - education - fact - include - secret - security
at the end of the word: basic - economic - music - public - specific
  • with "cc": accommodation - account - accuse - occasion - occupy - occur
  • with "k"
as the last sound of the syllable: ankle - bake - book - break - dark - like - look - oak - shake - shark - sink - take - walk - week - weekly - work
before "e" or "i": donkey - keep - kill - kind - kiss - kitchen - skin - speaker - market - worker
exceptionally before "a", "o", "u", "l" or "r" in the same syllable: chakra /ˈtʃʌkrə/ - haiku - kangaroo - Kansas - karate - koala - Korea - okay - Oklahoma - remarkable
  • with "ck": attack - black- check - lock - luck - rock - sock - shock - sick - stick - thick - ticket
  • with "ch": ache - archive - chaos - chemical - chemist - chemistry - psychology - stomach - technician - technology
  • with "q": consequence - equipment - quality - quarter - queen - question - quick - request - require - technique /tekˈniːk/
  • with "cq": acquaintance - acquire
  • exceptionally with "kk": trekking
  • initial and final /k/: cake - click - clock - cook - cork - crack - crook - kick - quick

/ks/[edit]

The sequence /ks/ can be spelled in several forms.

Same syllable
  • with "x": box - complex - fix - matrix - mix - next - relax - tax
  • with "ks": books - breaks - cooks - looks - seeks - thanks - walks - weeks
  • with "cks": attacks - checks - clocks - locks - packs - rocks - shocks
  • with "cs": critics - mathematics - plastics - politics - statistics - topics
  • with "chs": matriarchs - monarchs - patriarchs - stomachs
Different syllables
  • with "x": exclude - experience - galaxy - maximum - taxi
  • with "xc": excel - excellent - except - excess
  • with "cc": accept - accident - eccentric - success
  • with "ks": bookstore
  • with "cks": backstage
  • with "cs": facsimile /fækˈsɪməliː/
  • with "chs": dachshund

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • disgusting /dɪsˈgʌstɪŋ, dɪˈskʌstɪŋAmE/[1]

Anticipated pronunciation difficulties depending on L1[edit]

Preconceived ideas and other interferences from L1 obviously interfere in many cases with how students perceive - and pronounce - sounds/words in English. The following section aims to point out some of the most typical difficulties teachers and students may encounter regarding pronunciation.

Spanish[edit]

The main "problem" here is that Spanish speakers tend to forget that "ch" can, in just a few words, also be pronounced /k/, and will invariably pronounce "ache" with /tʃ/, as if it were a homophone of the letter "h".

References[edit]

  1. "disgusting". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]