A formatted poem can be used in class to develop vocabulary in a particular field and to consolidate student awareness of different parts of speech. Different variations of formatted poems are as folllows:
Basic formatted poem 1
- The teacher sets a noun as a title to the poem or allows students to choose their own e.g. "frogs"
- The teacher demonstrates, then instructs students to brainstorm/mindmap nouns, adjectives and verbs which are associated with this subject e.g.:
- Verbs: leap, jump, hop, sit, catch, swim, kick, croak, blink, sing....
- Adjectives: green, brown, colourful, dull, poisonous, slimy, wise, quick, wet, slippery, tranquil, versatile...
- Nouns: frog, tadpole, frogspawn, pond, legs, tongue...
- Once the lists are ready, the teacher instructs students to use their word lists to form a poem with the following structure:
|gerund, gerund, gerund|
Which would result in a basic formatted poem like this:
|adjective, adjective||Slimy, wet|
|gerund, gerund, gerund||Croaking, blinking, leaping|
|clause||A frog loves a pond|
|adjective, noun||Wise frog|
Basic formatted poem 2
To exemplify how the format can be altered, the following poem is still simple to write and the procedure is the same as for basic formatted poem 1 above.
|preposition, adjective, noun|
Producing something like this:
|adjective, adjective||Empty, black|
|preposition, adjective, noun||Out of massive universe|
|verb, adverb||Moving slowly|
Advanced formatted poem
This poem demands a thorough understanding of parts of speech and also a wider vocabulary resource.
- The teacher sets a noun as a title to the poem or allows students to choose their own e.g. "clouds"
- The teacher dictates the following list of parts of speech in the given order: determiner, noun, verb, adverb, preposition, determiner, adjective, noun, conjunction, pronoun, verb (pausing after each).
- After hearing each part of speech the students should write a word that is related to the topic/poem title.
The final result might read something like this:
- Following completion most poems won´t be 100% ready, so the students should read and edit their poems, punctuating them and tweaking the grammar wherever necessary to form poetry such as this:
Over the silent river,
While it sleeps
- The students share poems in pairs and, if they are willing, with the class.