Decoding exercises: "urV" and "urrV"

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IPA vowels
æ ɑː
trap father - start
e
dress face square
ɪ ɪə
kit fleece near
ɒ əʊ ɔː
lot goat taught
ʊ ʊə
foot goose mature
juː jʊə
cute cure
ʌ ə ɜː
strut comma nurse
ɔɪ
price mouth choice
IPA consonants
Normal sound: /b, d, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z/
 ʃ  ŋ
show church sing
ʒ  j 
usual judge you
θ ð s
think that see
IPA Stress
ˈ Primary stress
hotel /həʊˈtel/
ˌ Secondary stress
understand
/ˌʌndərˈstænd/
IPA Syllabification
. nitrate /ˈnaɪ.treɪt/, night-rate /ˈnaɪt.reɪt/

The letter U in the sequence "urr" normally sounds /ʌ/ in Received Pronunciation (as in hurry), in derived words it sounds /ɜː/ (as in furry) and it sounds /ə/ when unstressed (as in surrender).

In General American "urr" sounds /ɜːr/ or /ər/. In this accent "hurry" and "furry" rhyme.

The following table shows the sounds of "urV" and "urrV" in a stressed syllable. Exceptions, such as /ə/, are shown in the examples.

"ur" "urr"
/ʌr,BrE ɜːrAmE/ hurry
/ɜːr/ nurse furry
/jʊə/ cure N/A
/jʊə,BrE ʊəAmE/ during N/A
/ʊə, ɔːBrE/ assurance N/A

Examples[edit]

"ur"
  • /jʊə/: curable - curative - mural - purity - security
  • /jʊə,BrE ʊəAmE/: during
  • /ər/: featuring - guttural - measuring - picturing - pressuring - structuring
  • /jər/: accurate
  • /ʊ/: guru
"urr"
  • /ʌ,BrE ɜːAmE/: concurrence - concurrent - currant - current - currency - curry - flurry - hurricane - hurry - recurrence - surrogate
  • /ɜː/: blurring - blurry - concurring - furry - purring
  • /ə/: curriculum - resurrection - surrender - surround - surroundings

Variant pronunciations[edit]

  • figurative /ˈfɪɡərətɪv,BrE ˈfɪɡjərətɪvAmE/
  • natural /ˈnætʃərəl, ˈnætʃrəl/
  • assurance /əˈʃʊərəns, əˈʃɔːrənsBrE/

Spelling anomalies[edit]

  • /e/: bury - burial

References[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]