Affective Filter hypothesis

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The affective filter, part of Stephen Krashen's theory of second language acquisition,[1] is a hypothesised impediment to learning brought about by a negative emotional state - such as embarrassment or self consciousness.

Teachers are encouraged to help students to overcome affective filters by motivating students, removing stress from environments, and by improving learners' self-esteem.


  1. Schütz, Ricardo. "Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition." English Made in Brazil

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